A rare cannabinoid is any cannabinoid that is expressed a single in the hemp or cannabis plant less than 10% of the overall mass of that plant. Rare cannabinoids can generally be found in concentrations of between 0.01% to 10%.
While the typical hemp or cannabis can produce a limited amount of various rare cannabinoids, cross breading and genetics has produced some plants where certain cannabinoids are produced at higher levels.
As a result of their low volume, rare cannabinoids are much harder and more costly to produce than CBD or THC. Currently the scientific community agrees that there are somewhere over 100 individual cannabinoids in the hemp or cannabis plant. It has been speculated that there could be hundreds of rare cannabinoids hiding in minor expression.
Unfortunately, there has been little research to date on cannabinoids beyond THC and CBD. Only a handful of the rare cannabinoids have been studied over the past decade. As science provides access to these molecules, we can study them to find what medical, wellness and other benefits that rare cannabinoids can provide.
Until then the scientific focus is to locate and identify rare cannabinoids.
Two examples of rare cannabinoids below: